What is glaucoma?
Glaucoma isn’t a single disease, but a group of conditions that compromise your optic nerve. There are several types of glaucoma, including:
This type of glaucoma is far and away the most common. With open-angle glaucoma, your trabecular mesh prevents the fluid in your eye from properly draining, which causes intraocular pressure, damaging your optic nerve.
A blockage characterizes this type of glaucoma in the drainage angle formed by your iris and cornea, because your iris is pushed forward.
This is a tricky version of the disease since there’s damage to your optic nerve, but not because of any intraocular pressure.
Some children are born with glaucoma, though this isn’t terribly common.
Pieces of pigment from your iris block drainage in your eye.
What causes glaucoma?
Glaucoma is typically caused by intraocular pressure, which damages your optic nerve. Your eyes rely on a nutrient-rich fluid called aqueous humor, which circulates through your eyes. When this fluid is unable to drain properly, whether through your trabecular mesh or through your drainage angle, the fluid builds up and creates pressure inside your eye. This pressure leads to damage to your optic nerve.
Researchers are unsure as to what causes glaucoma, but they have identified several risk factors, such as:
- Family history
- Pre-existing medical conditions, such as diabetes and heart issues
While these risk factors are tied to glaucoma, the fact is that the disease can strike almost anyone at any age.
What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a progressive disease, so the frequency and severity of symptoms increase the longer the disease goes untreated. Open-angle glaucoma typically starts with blind spots in your peripheral vision and eventually leads to narrowed vision as the disease progresses.
With closed-angle glaucoma, the symptoms are far more debilitating and include:
- Eye pain
- Blurred vision
- Nausea and vomiting
If you’re experiencing any of these symptoms, call us right away for treatment.
What are the treatments for glaucoma?
If you've been diagnosed with glaucoma, it's imperative that you choose a doctor who specializes in glaucoma. Numerous treatments can halt the progression of the disease, and a specialist is familiar with all of them and can offer you a solution that's right for your situation.
For example, our experienced providers turn to the latest minimally invasive techniques to relieve intraocular pressure including:
- Stents: iStent®, XEN® Gel Stent
- Laser surgery: laser cyclophotocoagulation, MicroPulse® Cyclo, selective laser trabeculoplasty
These state-of-the-art products and procedures offer a number of solutions that can prevent your glaucoma from inflicting irreversible damage on your eyes and your vision.
Don’t trust your eyesight to just anyone — see a glaucoma specialist. Call us or use the online booking tool to schedule an appointment.
We see patients for Glaucoma, Cataract Surgery, General Ophthalmology, and more. Call Los Angeles Glaucoma Group at our Torrance or Culver City, Ca Location today.